Starting saltwater aquariums is similar to freshwater aquariums in the sense that you must have a plan that includes knowing what kind of fish and other creatures you will be putting in the tank. When it comes to setting up a reef aquarium, you may want to start with a nano, or small sized tank. Choosing the right fish for a nano aquarium is extremely important because you will have a much smaller margin of error. If you can get it right, though, the rewards are huge!
A nano reef tank is a beautiful and fun challenge for any fishkeeper. Slightly elongated, brilliant orange fish with white vertical stripes. They also have narrower black stripe divisions between the white and orange bands. Captive-bred Stubby Ocellaris Clownfish are readily available. They will accept meat as well as some frozen plant-based foods.
Even though these fish are fairly peaceful, they also breed easily. Once the female lays eggs, both parents will defend the nest aggressively against other fish species in the tank.
You may need to use dividers when eggs are in the tank. Overall, these are attractive fish that are slightly smaller than a full-sized Ocellaris Clownfish. As captive-bred fish, they are far more tolerant to home aquarium conditions and are more likely to thrive than wild captured fish. On the downside, they are very likely to produce eggs, which can lead to aggression problems with other nano reef fish in the tank. Both tail and fins are transparent with light brown markings.
When this fish is visible, it tends to dart around a lot to find food, and then it will go hide again. Overall, this is one of the easier saltwater fish to care for. It will do fine in a small nano reef tank, and is a good fish to start with. If you are looking for fish with markings on their iris, then you may have already heard of the Six-Line Wrasse.
Unfortunately, this fish requires a much larger tank than the White Banded Possum Wrasse. Finally, black eyespots rimmed in white on the upper and lower fins give this fish a mysterious and fascinating appearance without being over bright or overstated. This is a fairly peaceful, small fish that will get along with its own kind as well as other species in the tank.
Just be sure to keep one male and all the rest of the same species as females.Billy discusses his top picks for a nano reef tank! You'll never guess our number one! When afflicted with said syndrome, saltwater newbies and old-timers alike ask to purchase fish such as the magnificent Queen Angelfish.
Which is fine. The Queen grows far too large for a 30 gallon aquarium and should be housed in something closer to 90 gallons or more! Firstly a lot of fish are not reef friendlymeaning they eat corals, shrimp, worms, sponge, or some other reef invertebrate you care deeply for. Angelfish, Butterflyfish, and Triggers are the major offenders in this category. Alternatively some fish just grow too large for a nano reef 40 gallon tanks or less. Tangs for the most part grow to sizes of 7 inches or larger and need plenty of space to grow.
In addition some very active species just need lots of space to live in a natural way. Take anthias for example,while most species do not exceed 6 inches they do like ample space to swim during the day!
So what fish does that leave us with? Well below is a top 10 list of what in my opinion are the best common nano reef fish. Clown Gobys are some of the cutest little fish for the nano tank. They stay incredibly small, and are either bright yellow or vivid green. Some specimens will live in and around the corals in your tank. Hold your seahorses folks, I know there will be an uproar over Skunks v.
They come in pink and orange! PJ Cardinals are some of the prettiest fish, with their big beautiful eyes and polka dotted patterns. The only downside is they move infrequently some people find this boring, but I see it as conservative! Small, zippy, bright colored fun! A warning though: If you plan to keep other small wrasses, or small pseudos down the line this fish may not be right for you. It never ceases to surprise me at just how many people really dig this fish.
Firefish are wonderful little animals. They usually hang around the upper regions of the tank, making that area look more active and the tank look more full! Beware though, these fish can be jumpy, a glass top is required!
The chalk bass is the single most under rated nano reef fish we carry. They are brightly colored, inexpensive, and work in nearly any tank! At number three is the tailspot blenny. The watchmen gobies are easily one of the most amazing fish on this list. They are very entertaining to watch. Having the symbiotic relationship between these animals is one of the greatest joys in reef keeping.
16 Smallest Freshwater Aquarium Micro Fish That STAY Small
The plectranthias is the next best thing. These fish are actually a small variety of anthias! Absolutely Fish Naturals. Check out our top ten nano fish!Aqua Life Tips. You have a small or medium-sized aquarium in your office or at home and wonder how to make it more lively.
This is easy: I have a couple of options on my mind and while these are nano species of schooling fish that are beautiful to observe they also fit the bill perfectly. This is not a lot of swimming space so I tried to list species that generally remain under 1 inch in length.
I finally decided to write about this because for some time now many of the new fish-keepers that read my blog have been asking me about the right micro pet fish for a freshwater aquarium. For instance, are there cold-water alternatives to the tropical species that suit a compact aquarium? Based on my personal experience and some research I did, I compiled a list of the smallest freshwater nano fish that can live in a tiny tank. Right before we start, I will share a photo of one of my all-time favorite fish for small aquariums, the Celestial Pearl Danio or also known as Galaxy Rasbora :.
I took considerable time off to do some deep research on nano fish that would best suit a freshwater aquarium. I combined that with my personal experience in fish keeping and I made sure to not list fish that get over 2. It was the smallest known vertebrate until when the tiniest frog Paedophryne amanuensis, discovered in the rain forests of New Guinea leaped past. An adult female Paedocypris Progenetica grows to a maximum of 0.
That being said, Paedocypris Progenetica still holds a world-record title: it is currently the smallest freshwater fish in the world that can live in home aquariums. In fact, it still remains the smallest nano fish species in the world overall discovered to date. Paedocypris Progenetica has a thin and somewhat transparent body with rather weird pelvic fins that have clutching pads that males use to grab the females during mating.
It is considered the cousin of Paedomorphic Cyprinid fish family because they share similar features like an unprotected brain their narrow frontals are the reason for this. If you get your hands on Paedocypris Progenetica know that this is one freshwater fish that likes its aquarium water acidic. It hails from the black-tea swamps in Southeast Asia the Indonesian island of Sumatra, to be specific.
These waters are generally more acidic than rainwater; they have a pH 3 acidity mainly due to the decomposing tree leaves inside that also give the swamps the dark-tea color. Therefore the Indonesian Superdwarf fish are a perfect addition to a 3 to 5-gallon black water planted tank.
The Paedocypris Progenetica is an expert level fish to keep. All of this on top of how rare this fish is. I would not really recommend this species to beginners. This species is now facing extinction threat due to the habitat destruction at its ecosystem in the wild. They are so peaceful that they can easily co-exist with other animals in a fish tank as long as the tank mates promise not to harass the Hatchetfish.
This fish definitely needs equally timid aquarium companions, such as Loricariid catfish and Corydoras. The fish is silvery in appearance and originates from Peru in the Amazon River basin, although there is another population in Peruvian. The Pygmy Hatchetfish are among the best community freshwater aquarium fish that stay small throughout their lifespan.
They grow to a maximum of 1 inch thus remain small at their maximum size and length.By lgreen, December 25, in Beginners Discussion. Note: You are welcome to place a link to this guide on another website or forum, however, do not place the actual article itself on your forum or website with out my permission. Your link must direct traffic to it's original form here on nano-reef. The purpose of this thread is to provide you with a fairly comprehensive guide to fish for the nano reef aquarium.
As reefing in general is not an exact science the approach I have taken to organizing this information is to provide a framework that includes my knowledge and experience with nano fish both as a hobbyist and professionally, but also to encourage others to share their experience and knowledge for the benefit of everyone. How To Use This Guide. There are four major sections with in this guide: feeding, compatibility coming soonfish suggestions by tank size, and fish suggestions by group.
The feeding section allows you to get feeding suggestions based on diet type carnivore, herbivore, omnivore, etc. The compatibility section will most likely be in the form of a table in which you will be able to see how the species interacts with other fish species, corals, and invertebrates. In the fish by tank size section a list of appropriate fish will follow each of the major divisions of tank sizes, as well, include a brief estimation of how many fish would appropriate for that tank size.
In the fish by group section, more detailed information will be provided about the major group each fish belongs to with some specific notes about each fish when necessary.
You will also see a estimated maximum size the fish will grow to and the ideal tank size. The ideal tank size will be a compromise based on what is socially practiced by many nano-reefers and what is often recommended by experts. Some of these ideal tank sizes may be controversial and if you believe so, you are welcome to bring that up in this thread so we can all as a community discuss it. Again, I would like to strongly encourage everyone to share his or her knowledge and experience.
Please feel free to suggest additions, corrections, or other changes. Also, I've tried to make note when a species is available captive-bred, so if you learn of a new species that is available, let me know!
General Feeding Info. Meeting the nutritional needs of your fish is absolutely essential to their growth, survival, and reproduction. When feeding fish, we are trying to replicate not only what a fish eats, but when and how it eats in nature.
The feeding preference of fish typically falls into one of five categories: carnivores, who eat meaty foods; herbivores, who eat plant matter; omnivores, who eat both meat and plants; piscivores, who eat other fish; and finally lamnivores detrivoreswho obtain their energy from eating the animal and plant matter found with in detritus.
You can get a good idea of what to feed your fish just by figuring out what feeding category your fish falls into. It's important to remember that not only can you starve your fish, but you can actually overfeed them too, both of which can have negative health consequences.
Fish are opportunistic eaters, meaning they never know when they will get their next meal, so eat whenever food is a available.#570: THE NANO TANK FISH STORE TOUR - Update Monday
You many notice your fish eats anytime you put food in the aquarium, but that doesn't mean they are hungry, rather just taking advantage of an opportunity. While it is important for you to feed your fish, you also need to limit feeding too. Overfeeding usually has drastic consequences on water quality anyways, so why would you want to put food in your tank if you don't have to. I am revisit this topic later at some point to include live and fresh foods, but wont really get into that right now.
There are many other high quality manufactures of fish food though and those manufactures often have comparable products that you could use in place of the brands I mention if you wish. Some people feed once a day, some feed every other day, and others feed small amounts several times a day. I don't think one way is right over the other, but for simplicity, will suggest a small amount once or twice a day.
You want to try to incorporate in as much variety as you can.
A List of the 15 Best Saltwater Fish for Your Nano Reef Tank Aquarium
If you feed once a day, feed something different or switch back and forth every day. If you feed twice a day, perhaps try frozen at the first feeding and flake at the second. Again, with feeding twice a day I'd suggest your second feeding complement what you did with your first feeding.This list encompasses my favorite 11 nano species for freshwater tanks. None of the fish on the list require a tank larger than 10 gallons and majority of them can live happily in even 5 gallons.
It is important to house tiny fish with other tiny fish. The majority of the species on this list are shy, timid, and very peaceful. They can easily be out-competed for food and stressed out if placed in aquarium with larger, more boisterous tankmates. Nearly every fish on this list could live happily together in a 10 to 20 gallon aquarium except one, the pea puffer. Pea puffers can be nasty little buggers and would be best suited in a tank all on their own.
Tiny tanks and tiny fish are adorable and very fun to set up and enjoy. In fact, the smaller the tank the more important regular maintenance and staying on top of water quality is.
A lot of these tiny fish are also not suitable for beginners as they require special care and feedings. Always seek the advice of your friendly and knowledgeable Absolutely Fish aquarist to ensure that you are setting up your tank for success and longevity.
Diet: Likely to accept a variety of small foods including dried pellets, but should also be offered a diet of live and frozen food including bloodworms, brine shrimp, daphnia, and tubifex worms. The Asian stone catfish is one of the cutest and smallest catfish species in the hobby. Maxing out at just over inch, this adorable, whiskered catfish makes for a unique addition to a nano tank. However, do not expect much activity from this little guy as the the stone catfish is very inactive and will likely stay in one place most of the time.
The stone catfish is very peaceful and will do well with nearly every micro species on this list. It can be housed alone, but will do better in small groups. The stone catfish would do best in an aquarium with plenty of hiding place, softer substrate, driftwood or almond leaves.
Water quality is imperative to this tiny fish and must be kept stable, clean, and well oxygenated. Diet: Difficult to feed dried foods and should therefore be fed a variety of live and frozen food including brine shrimp, banana worms, and daphnia. Badids tend to develop diseases and become obese when fed bloodworms and tubifex worms so these should be omitted from their diet.
The scarlet badis is a stunning nano fish that has a body shape strikingly similar to that of dwarf cichlids, although there is no relation. The scarlet gem is a timid fish and very peaceful with other fish of similar size and temperament. Its best to house one male Scarlet Badis per every 5 gallons as they can be aggressive towards each other.
Due to their shy and timid nature, care should be taken to ensure that they are properly fed. The scarlet badis makes for a unique addition to a small community tank.
Find out more about the Scarlet Gem here!Aquatic Ferns Bucephalandra sp. Nano fish are fish that grow less than two inches and are suitable for aquariums as small as 10 gallons. The amount of fish that an aquarium can safely support is relative to the level of filtration, maintenance, and feeding. Many nano fish are schooling or shoaling species, so be sure to consider this when deciding how to stock your tank. Live plants will of course help dramatically when it comes to maintaining the best possible water quality.
If something is listed as sold out and you are interested in getting some please sign up to be notified once it goes back in stock! We do monitor these lists and try to bring in things when the demand is high enough for us to do so. L Snowball Pleco Hypancistrus sp. L Alenquer Tiger Pleco Panaqolus sp. CWTank-Bred! Neon Tetra Paracheirodon innesi - Tank-Bred! Dwarf Blue Panda Guppy Poecilia reticulata var.
Showing items of Newest Arrivals Newest Arrivals. Connect Join our Mailing List for special discounts and notifications about new and limited stock items. Search our store.Small tanks are getting to be a trend in the fish keeping hobby for the newbies.
Even the experienced hobbyists prefer it to house small aquarium fish. Tiny fishes forming a school can fascinate the eye and set the mood in any room. Whether the aquascape is Nature, Dutch or Biotope, your nano aquarium is not complete without including miniature fishes. This article provides tips on stocking up your 5-gallon or gallon up to gallon mini-ecosystem. The guide will help you decide what kind of Nano Fish is best for your microsystem. If you're wondering where this beauty came from, the answer is the Mekong basin in Thailand and its neighboring countries.
During wet seasons, people see these fish in rice paddies, canals, and floodplains.
But these wetlands can dry out in summer, so they are not a stable habitat for this fish. Bettas are hardy and have vibrant colors, and their fins come from wide morph variations. They flare their fins to show off when aggressive. If they see flowing fins from other fishes, they might attack them. They want these characteristics only belonging to them. The Betta Fish or otherwise known as Siamese fighting fish is a member of gourami species. The female Betta can join a community tank but not the male.
Males can be aggressive, and both male and females can be territorial. Other than breeding purposes, a male must separate from a female. One or two females and a male can be in one tank when sexing. You often see these fish in a bowl or cup because they can survive in a small space. Least that you know these dishes are better off isolated because of its wild behavior to other tank mates its own same species. From the species of catfish, the Asian Stone Catfish is a tiny whiskered fish but cute and unique.
If you like swimming fish, this might not be for you because it stays in one place and hides for a more extended period. However, you can join this with other micro fish species, can also be in solo or a pair. Although I like the appearance, I am not a fan of inactive fishes like bottom dwellers for I would always prefer a fish that swims and moves a lot.